Breast cancer is the uncontrollablemultiplication of cells in the breast,resulting to formation of a malignanttumor which will eventually spreadthroughout the person’s body.
Ductal carcinoma, the mostcommon type of breast cancer,means that the cancer originatedfrom the milk-producing glands.
A person can have breast cancer if he or she has a genetic abnormality
which can be inherited or developed because of aging or lifestyle.
Not only women should worry aboutbreast cancer because men can alsohave this disease.
Some of the risk factors are uncontrollable likebeing overweight, eating red meat or animal fats,lacking exercise, smoking, drinking alcohol, takinghormone replacement therapy (HRT) for a coupleof years, using birth control pills, and beingstressed.
Others are controllable like exposing oneself to radiation therapy atthe chest during teenage years, starting menstruation, going throughmenopause, exposure to estrogens in the environment, pregnancyafter age of 30, avoiding breastfeeding, and taking DES( used toprevent miscarriage) during pregnancy.
Surprisingly, whitewomen and those whoare taller-than-averageare said to be moreprone to breast cancer.
The earliest symptom is a lumpin the breast. A lump may becancerous or not so be sure tolet doctors check it immediatelybecause best treatment forbreast cancer is during its earlystages.
The breast skin willhave unusual rednessand the nipplesundergo changes insize and maydischarge blood. Thenipple and skinbecomes fragmentedand looks like it canbe scraped.
Pain is felt in the breast as well as on thearmpit during times you will not suspectit to be caused by menstruation.
One accurate way to diagnose early stagebreast cancer is through mammography.
Treatment depends on the tumor size,stage, other features (signs of spread tonearby tissues, presence of hormone thatenhances growth of cancer, etc.), andpatient’s preference.
The tumor can be surgically removed (lumpectomy) as well as thebreast (mastectomy). Lymph nodes in the armpit are also examinedbecause if cancer cells are present there, it may have also spread toother parts of the body.The tumor can be surgically removed (lumpectomy) as well as thebreast (mastectomy). Lymph nodes in the armpit are also examinedbecause if cancer cells are present there, it may have also spread toother parts of the body.
Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are also done after mastectomy to killcancer cells and to stop them from multiplying.
Breast cancer patients that were given appropriate treatment cansurvive for 5 years. This decreases when cancer cells spread to acertain region of the body.
If the patient is given treatment after metastasis had occur, the